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Industrial Food Animal Production >> Animal Wastes
Confined food animals in the United States produce more than 40 times the amount of biosolids generated from U.S. wastewater treatment plants. Whereas human biosolids must meet regulatory standards for pathogen levels, vector attraction reduction and metal content, no treatment is required of waste from animal agriculture. Yet, animal waste has been associated with water- and food-borne disease outbreaks, increased prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and pharmaceutical compounds in drinking water supplies.
Recommended resources on this topic:
Reports & Other Documents
The relationship between contracting and livestock waste pollution
American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, March 2006.
Understanding alternative technologies for animal waste treatment – A citizen’s guide to manure treatment technologies.
Waterkeeper Alliance, February 2005.
Infectious diseases that may be transmitted to humans from animal farm operations
J.L. Cicmanec. Presentation from EPA/USDA Regional Science Workshop: Animal Feeding Operations. College Park, MD, 2004.
Peer-reviewed Journal Articles
Cost of remediation of nitrogen-contaminated soils under CAFO impoundments
C. Volland, et al. J Hazard Subst Res, 2003.
Pathogen survival in swine manure environments and transmission of human enteric illness – A review
T.Y. Guan and R.A. Holley. J Environ Qual, 2003.
State legislation regulating animal manure management
M. Metcalfe. Rev Agr Econ, December 2000.
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (EPA)
National Water Program (USDA)
Natural Resources Conservation Service (USDA)
Additional Tools & Resources
Readings on manure management
Water Quality Information Center at the National Agricultural Library (USDA).
Public health implications related to spread of pathogens in manure from livestock and poultry operations
J.L. Spencer and J. Guan. In Public Health Microbiology; Humana Press, 2004.
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